- © The Mineralogical Society Of America
For the past 37 years the Mineralogical Society of America, and in conjunction with the Geochemical Society (since 2000), have sponsored and published 72 review volumes that communicate the results of significant advances in research in the Earth sciences. Several of these have either directly or indirectly addressed the fundamental importance, role, and behavior of volatile components on processes influencing magma rheology, crystallization, evolution, eruption, and related metasomatism and mineralization. Volume 30—which was published in 1994—focused on this topic broadly, and this volume has provided a lasting summary on the geochemical and physical behaviors of a wide variety of magmatic volatiles (Carroll and Holloway 1994). Since that year, continued research has brought important and new knowledge about the role of the volatile component sulfur in natural magmas, and significant progress was made simultaneously in understanding the role of sulfur in industrial or technical processes such as glass or steel production. Here, in volume 73, we have assembled in 15 chapters the current state of research concerning sulfur in melts based on the extensive experience of various authors practically working on these topics.
The behavior of sulfur in melts and its implications for natural and industrial processes are still insufficiently understood, and hence, are difficult to apply as a tool for interpreting problems of geological or industrial interest. In recent decades, various new investigations in the geosciences as well as in the engineering and material sciences have employed modern spectroscopic, analytical, theoretical, and experimental techniques to improve our understanding of the complex and volatile behavior of sulfur in a wide variety of molten systems. However, these different research initiatives (e.g., empirical vs. applied research and natural vs. technical applications) were rarely well integrated, and the scientific goals were usually approached with specific and relatively focused points of view. Consequently, bridging this …